When you have a good hook in your introduction, you increase the chances that your essay will be effective.
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The Body In the body of your essay, you should develop the ideas that you presented in the introduction. It can be helpful to make a list of the ideas you want to present, along with any research to support those ideas. The body of your essay:. The conclusion is where you bring together all of the elements you previously mentioned in the other sections.
Just the Right Word In addition to the construction of your essay, you also can improve it by looking at your word choices and transitions, or using the best words to move from one idea to the next in making your essay more readable. Above all, look for words or phrases that can be cut out of your essay to leave just the very best of what you have to say.
Skip to content. Here are some other things you want to accomplish in your introduction: Beyond the hook, you will want a successful thesis statement that you work into your introduction to establish your main idea which will run throughout the essay. You want to use focused writing with a consistent tone and diction throughout the essay.
You want to use any details that will help the reader identify the topic and the scope of the essay. All rights reserved. Once you have mastered the use of topic sentences, you may decide that the topic sentence for a particular paragraph really should not be the first sentence of the paragraph. This is fine—the topic sentence can actually go at the beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph; what's important is that it is there to inform readers what the main idea of the paragraph is and how it relates back to the broader thesis of your paper. The paragraph has more than one controlling idea.
This is the most common reason why a paragraph is too long. If a paragraph is more than a page long, it likely contains more than one controlling idea.
The Three Parts of an Essay
In this case, consider eliminating sentences that relate to the second idea, with the thought that maybe they don't really inform and help support the central research problem, or split the paragraph into two or more paragraphs, each with only one controlling idea. Transitions are needed within the paragraph. You are probably familiar with the idea that transitions may be needed between paragraphs or sections in a paper.
Sometimes they are also helpful within the body of a single paragraph. Within a paragraph, transitions are often single words or short phrases that help to establish relationships between ideas and to create a logical progression of those ideas in a paragraph.
This is especially true within paragraphs that discuss multiple examples or discuss complex ideas, issues, or concepts. AP English Literature and Composition. Edublogs, ; Paragraphing.
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Centre for Applied Linguistics. University of Warwick. General Structure. Most paragraphs in an essay parallel the general three-part structure of each section of a research paper and, by extension, the overall research paper, with an introduction, a body that includes facts and analysis, and a conclusion. You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information.
Each part of the paragraph plays an important role in communicating the meaning you intend to covey to the reader. Introduction : the first section of a paragraph; should include the topic sentence and any other sentences at the beginning of the paragraph that give background information or provide a transition. Body : follows the introduction; discusses the controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis, examples, and other information.
For long paragraphs, you may also want to include a bridge sentence that introduces the next paragraph or section of the paper. In some instances, the bridge sentence can be written in the form of a question. However, use this rhetorical device sparingly, otherwise, ending a lot of paragraphs with a question to lead into the next paragraph sounds cumbersome. Arranging where each element goes in a paragraph can make a paper more engaging for the reader.
However, do not be too creative in experimenting with the narrative flow of paragraphs. To do so may distract from the main arguments of your research and weaken the quality of your academic writing. Development and Organization. Before you can begin to determine what the composition of a particular paragraph will be, you must consider what is the most important idea that you are trying to convey to your reader. This is the "controlling idea," or the thesis statement from which you compose the remainder of the paragraph.
In other words, your paragraphs should remind your reader that there is a recurrent relationship between your controlling idea and the information in each paragraph.
How to Write the Introduction Essay?
The research problem functions like a seed from which your paper, and your ideas, will grow. The decision about what to put into your paragraphs begins with brainstorming about how you want to pursue the research problem. There are many techniques for brainstorming but, whichever one you choose, this stage of paragraph development cannot be skipped because it lays a foundation for developing a set of paragraphs [representing a section of your paper] that describes a specific element of your overall analysis.
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Each section is described further in this writing guide. Given these factors, every paragraph in a paper should be :. There are many different ways you can organize a paragraph. However, the organization you choose will depend on the controlling idea of the paragraph. Ways to organize a paragraph in academic writing include:. Hunter College; The Paragraph.
What Are the Parts of an Essay?
The Writing Center. Pasadena City College; Paragraph Structure. Effective Writing Center. University of Maryland; Paragraphs. Institute for Writing Rhetoric.